A Step-by-Step Guide on How to Become an Optometrist

Why do you need an optometrist?

An optometrist is an eye-care professional who takes care of the health of our vision and the visual system. Refraction, prescribing refractive corrections, fitting contact lenses and diagnosing and managing other eye diseases is the primary job of an optometrist. Besides, many optometrists provide community care for chronic diseases like glaucoma, AMD, and diabetic eye disease. They also help with monitoring and examination of patients coming with eye issues for local hospital eye departments in many locations.

Role of Optometrists

Optometrists treat people who have vision problems and helps them find remedies. Patients get general eye examinations first when the optometrist records the medical history of the patient’s eye disorders. Then, the specialist examines the eyes to check for any refractive problems and also conduct a visual acuity test to check the range of eyesight. If required, the optometrist prescribes glasses or contact lenses with the accurate refractive status, which helps the patient to achieve the correct vision. 

Kinds of work optometrists do

Discovery of any eye disease

An ophthalmoscope is used by an optometrist to identify eye disorders such as glaucoma, macular degeneration, and other eye-related diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. If they discover any kind of disorder, then the patient is taken for further testing.

Prescribing drugs

The optometrist prescribes medicines to manage different ocular disorders and treatments, like antibiotics, antihistamines, non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory, and other scheduled analgesics.

Contact lens expert

Optometrists are experts in deciding what kind of contact lenses are needed for abnormal shapes of the cornea and they can also prescribe special contact lenses.

Provide low-vision care

Optometrists regularly deal with patients who have very low or no eyesight. They help the patience in understanding the disease and perform various visual exercises to improve their vision.

Difference between an Optometrist and an ophthalmologist?

You may be confused as to which professional is the right one for you, as both of them are eye care professionals. To help you make the right decision, we should look at the field of work they are involved in.

Work of an optometrist:

  • Eye exams, including eye health education, should be done on an annual or routine basis.
  • Prescriptions for eyeglasses, contact lenses, and other visual aids diagnosis of eye problems
  • Eye problems may require medicinal therapy or modest surgical procedures.
  • After-surgery eye care

Work of an ophthalmologist:

  • Services for basic optometry
  • Perform surgery for various eye disorders as well as 
  • Rehabilitation services after surgery.

So it can be clearly understood that an ophthalmologist is required for much more advanced treatments like surgery, while optometrists help maintain the good health of our vision. 


Our vision helps us to interact with the world food stop it is important to preserve our vision with increasing age. An optometrist can help preserve this vision and also detect at an early stage any kind of disorder that may arise. If you are looking for an optometrist in Vaughan, there are very many who can help you out to get the best treatment. It is important that you are taken care of by eye care specialists and use their expertise.